All types of cotton fabrics come in a wide range of counts from light weights to heavy coarse fabrics. Specialises in solid and yarn dyed . The main fabrics from Andhra Pradesh areas below:
Kalamkari --- Kalamkari or Qalamkari is a type of hand painted or block printed cotton textile , produced in parts of India and Iran the word is derived from the Persian words ghalam ( pen ) and Kari ( craftsmanship ) meaning drawing with a pen ( Ghalamkar ) . Vegetable dyes are used to colour the designs applied on the cloth . the art of painting using organic dyes on cloth is very popular in many parts of India . The Artists use a bamboo or date palm stick pointed at one end with a bundle of fine hair attached to this pointed end to serve as the brush or pen .The dyes are obtained by extracting colours from parts of plants -- roots , leaves along with mineral salts of iron , tin copper , alum etc which are used as mordants . The Machilipatnam Kalamkari craft made at Pedana in Andhra Pradesh evolved with the patronage of the Mughals and the Golcanda sultanate .After the independence of India the Handicraft development board took up the task to revive the art. the speciality of the Kalamkari painted fabric is that the finished products are mellow , bright colours are used but the finish is very subtle . The fabric looks better and better with every wash , with designs standing out even better against the background.
Densily woven with fine count of 80s cotton combed yarn. Woven in Mangalgiri area of Guntur District. Missing thread variety of sarees woven with Nizam border is also a famous variety in Mangalgiri area.
Located at a distance of 12 kms from Vijayawada, Mangalgiri in Krishna district, is a famous pilgrimage center in Andhra Pradesh. Mangalgiri is popular not only for its temple, but also for its elegant cotton sarees and dress material. The dress material, woven in pure cotton is a rage all over India. It comes in plain colours, stripes, checks and with zari and thread borders. The zari border is usually referred to as the "Nizam Zari Border". The sarees come in vibrant colours wth different types of borders. Of late, the concept of "missing checks" has been introduced in the Mangalagiri weave. It is similar to the Kota saree which has an airy and fluffy feel to it and makes the saree very light to wear. Trying to keep with the increasing demand, Mangalagiri weavers have started weaving sarees in pure silk as well as in silk cotton. An ideal fabric for the tropical climate of South India, Mangalagiris can be worn through the year.
Ikat as per the Wikipedia is "a style of weaving that uses a resist dyeing process similar to tie-dye on either the warp or weft before the threads are woven to create a pattern or design." Ikat originated in Nalgonda district and is the art of weaving randomly dyed yarn in natural zigzag or geometric patterns. This art of weaving has been recognized throughout the world. In the present day, Ikat weaving is practiced in the villages like Puttapaka, Pochampalli, Koyyelagudem and Choutuppal. Exclusive to Andhra Pradesh, Ikat technique of weaving is extremely popular throughout India. It finds echoes in similar but more intricate weaves of Orissa and Gujarat. The Sambalpuri & Vichitrapuri sarees are usually in the Ikat weave but done with more intricacy and eye for detail. Most of them are in what is called "double ikkat weave". A double ikat is both when the warp and the weft are tie - dyed before weaving. So are the Rajkot Patolas. Ikat is also found in Asian countries like Indonesia and Malaysia.The yarn is tied and then dyed in the desired colours and then hand woven into beautiful yardage, sarees, dupattas, stoles and bedsheets. A very fascinating process to watch.